This report provides a first sociological analysis of the voting behaviour in Austria in the 1999 parliamentary elections. In terms of method, the analysis is based on the data of a representative exit poll.
A nation-wide sample of N = 2,200 voters were interviewed about their voting behaviour and the motives for choosing a particular party immediately after leaving the polling stations. The FESSEL-GfK (Institute for Market Research) selected – by random sampling – 160 locations throughout Austria. The task of the 110 interviewers working for the institute was to interview the voters after they had left the polling station within a certain time-frame (in the morning and early afternoon on election day). Furthermore, the choice of the interviewees was based on a predetermined gender- and age-specific quota sampling plan.
Due to time constraints, the present report deals only with the most significant structures and patterns of the voting behaviour. A comprehensive analysis of the changes of the voting behaviour as well as the competitive conditions of the Austrian party system is in preparation.