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Analysis of the
1999 Parliamentary Elections


0. Preliminary remarks
1. Pre-electoral situation
2. Time of the voting decision
3. Party changers
4. Key motives
5. Socio-demographic groups
6. Traditional determinants
7. Transformation of party system
8. References
9. Authors

ZAP

2. When the voter made his/her decision


One fifth of the voters of the parliamentary elections did not make their final decision as to which party to vote for until the last days and weeks before October 3. The percentage of "late" and "last-minute deciders" roughly corresponds to that in 1995. According to the representative exit poll carried out by FESSEL-GfK, the voters of the smaller parties GREENS, LIF (and DU) were among the last to make up their minds. However, when exactly the voters of the three major parties made their decision is of particular interest and corresponds to the course of the election campaign. As far as both the SPO and FPO are concerned, each garnered 15 percent of the late deciders. On the other hand, 18 percent of the OVP voters decided rather late, with 12 percent of the OVP group having made their definite decision only during the last couple of days before the election. A fact that proves the extraordinary mobilisation of the voter potential sympathetic to the OVP in the final phase of the election campaign.

 

Table: Trends regarding the time of the voting decision (1979–1999)

Percentage of voters who made a definite decision...

1979

1983

1986

1990

1994

1995

1999

late deciders (shortly before the election)

9

8

16

14

18

21

20

early deciders (earlier on)

91

92

84

86

82

79

80

Source: FESSEL-GfK, exit polls (1979–1999).


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