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Shrew Talk

"SHREW TALK" - Vol. 1, No. 29 - 23 December 1997

SHREW TALK - 23 December 1997 - Vol. 1, No. 29
Number of Recipients: >289
Contents of this Issue
o Editorial
o Research
1. Re: Shrew ultrasonic sounds
2. Re: Number of mammae in shrews
3. Query: Natal dispersal in Maine shrews
4. Shrews in fire-dependent, forested/shrubby wetland
5. Shrew captures in discarded bottles
o Miscellaneous
1. Re: Shrew caravans to be filmed for National Geographic: Offers # 4 & 5
2. E. Gould is looking for David Stone
o Shrew Bibliography: New Papers / Books
1. G. Reiter & N. Winding (1997): Distribution and ecology of alpine small mammals...
2. New papers by R. Hutterer et al. (1996-1997)
3. Genoways, H.H., J.R. Choate (1997): Natural history of Blarina carolinensis
4. New ectoparasite papers by M. Stanko et al. (1995-1997)
o What's New on the Shrew (ist's) Site
1. New Shrewists on e-mail
o Shrew Talk Instructions
Dear Shrew-Fessionals and Shrew-Mateurs,
1997 proved that the newsletter and the website are likely to become even more widely used fora. Despite a few communication barriers at the beginning, the latest issues included a variety of discussions and contributions by our rapidly growing number of subscribers and members, a group that is constituted of 'shrew people' ranging from amateur naturalists to students, academics and 'shrew popes', not to mention the professional wildlife photographers, rehabbers and other interested participients. I thank you all for keeping the 'thing' going and for your obvious mental support reflected in your numerous letters. My special thanks go out to all those who have provided substantial support by purchasing the bibliography and to the person (please note the singular), who remembered to compensate me for looking up the necessary references.
The recent interdisciplinary journeys of the Shrew Site (folklore & superstition / fish as predators / shrews & frogs) have been quite successful. The results will soon be summarized on the website. The fate of the 'Shrew Conference Hall', hitherto available as a chatroom, requires further consideration. It could possibly be used to discuss future web-posters at a fixed time, the project of hosting a small conference in the form of a virtual poster demonstration being an interesting task to think about for 1998. Another issue to think about will be whether to keep the email addresses online or to make them accessible for members only in order to avoid abuse. I hope that those of you who are taking an active interest in this topic have been satisfied with Shrew Talk and that many of the 'accidental' surfers have found useful bits of information. I would appreciate any comments or ideas for the future. I plan to make parts of the bibliography available to a wider 'audience' by having special copies made of excerpts for a modest price. This would also take some load off my back (i.e. providing the references to specific queries, that constitute a large part of ST). But don't worry, I am not yet thinking about a membership fee. However, if anybody is aware of an institution that can provide funding for a project like this, or has any other suggestions, I would love to hear about it.
Leaving you with these thoughts, I send my shrewest seasonal greetings and 'may the next year be endurable and rewarding'. 'See' you all in 1998, putting together ST Volume 2.
A shrewy X-Mas and a metabolically exhausting New Year,
Werner Haberl
1) Re: Shrew ultrasonic sounds A reply to Frank Dirrigl ( ST 1/28)
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 07:53:37>
To: shrewbib@sorex.vienna.at
From: Paul Meek <panres@ozemail.com.au>
Cc: fdirrigl@sprynet.com
Dear Werner and Frank, In our shrew survey on Christmas Island we have been using ultrasonic detector equipment, normally used to survey bats in Australia. Unfortunately, we have not been successful in detecting any signals. Although this does not mean it will not work because we are still unsure if our shrew is extant. Werner's reference list is comprehensive and I recall Peter Vogel writing to me about a biologist who detected a signal in a laboratory shrew, although the detector needed to be placed close to the shrew. I would like to hear about your efforts using the device and if we are successful this season I will let you know.
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year Paul
2) Re: Number of mammae in shrews
A reply to A. Martinoli ( ST 1/27)
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 13:14:35 +0100
From: "Dr. Rainer Hutterer" <R.Hutterer.ZFMK@Uni-Bonn.De>
Subject: Number of mammae in shrews
Adriano: Sorex, Crocidura and Suncus have 3 pairs of inguineal teats, however, in Neomys there are 5, 6 or more pairs. See Niethammer and Krapp, eds.,1990, Handbook of European Mammals, vol. 3/1 Insectivores, page 167.
Regards, Rainer Hutterer
Dr. Rainer Hutterer Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig Section of Mammals Adenauerallee 160 D-53113 Bonn Tel: (228) 9122 261 Fax: (228) 216979
3) Query: Natal dispersal in Maine shrews
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 15:36:42 -0500
From: Dustin Perkins <dperkins@forwild.umass.edu>
Subject: Shrew Talk
I am working on a manuscript dealing with DDT levels in small mammals from Maine. One of the issues raised by reviewers has been the distance of dispersal, particularly natal dispersal, and how this would affect the study. After a considerable amount of literature research I have found no papers dealing with dispersal for Sorex cinerues, S. hoyi, S. fumeus, a and Blarina brevicauda. I have found information on S. araneus, but as wondering if there was any information on dispersal distance for these other species.
Thanks for your time. Dustin Perkins
4) Shrews in fire-dependent, forested/shrubby wetland
Date: Tue, 23 Dec 1997 09:43:07 -0500
From: SANDRA ERDLE <SYE@dcr.state.va.us>
Dear Werner and esteemed shrewologists, I am looking for papers or notes on shrews in fire-dependent, forested/shrubby wetland (pocosin) habitats. I'm interested in mortality estimates, escape behavior and survival means before, during and after fires. There is a multitude of information on shrews/small mammals in prairie and sandhill habitats with regard to fire, but I've had a difficult time finding similar information for animals in pocosins and forested wetlands. Thanks so much for any help that you may be able to offer. Best wishes! Sandra Erdle
5) Re: Shrew captures in discarded bottles
Date: Tue, 23 Dec 1997 13:01:43 -0500 (EST)
From: VctrMan@aol.com
Subject: Re: Re: Shrew Talk: Live-trapping
Dear Werner, Regarding the shrews in bottles, I heard from George Feldhamer re a paper of his. I've since received a reprint from him and there are several references to trapping shrews in bottles. And you asked how to get shrews out of bottle - the angle of the bottle for entering and maintaining them is critical, so you can almost just dump them out. The references from and including Feldhamer's paper are as follows: Gerard, AS and GA Feldhamer. 1990. A comparison of two survey methods for shrews: pitfalls and discarded bottles. Am Midl Nat, 124(1):191-194. Clegg, TM. 1966. The abundance of shrews, as indicated by trapping and remains in discarded bottles. Naturalist (Hull), 899:122. Morris, PA and JF Harper. 1965. The occurrence of small mammals in discarded bottles. Proc Zool Soc Lond, 145:148-153. Pagels, JF and TW French. 1987. Discarded bottles as a source of small mammal distribution data. Am Midl Nat, 118:217-219.
Hope this helps. Dick Davis
1) Re: Shrew caravans to be filmed for National Geographic: Offers # 4 & 5
Replies to John Rubin (ST 1/28)
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 21:54:04 +0900 (JST)
From: Keiichiro Tsuji <tsuji@riem.nagoya-u.ac.jp>
Subject: Re: shrew caravans for National Geographic
Werner, Thank you for your email letter. I read it with pleasure. I was pleased with the plan of filming the caravanning behaviour of the house musk shrew by National Geographic, and I am happy to cooperate with them to film the caravaning behaviour at our laboratory. As you know, I have some films which we made, and I am happy to show some behavioural pattens of caravan formation on which my colleagues and I reported in "Behaviour" and the related papers. Our films which were taken by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) are helpful, I think.
Keiichiro Tsuji Department of Psychology School of Letters Nagoya University Fax: +81-52-789-2272 Email: tsuji@riem.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Date: Sat, 20 Dec 1997 12:04:57 +0900
From: oda@nuagr1.agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp (Sen-ichi Oda)
Subject: Re: SHREW TALK: Vol. 1, No. 28 - 18 December 1997
Dear shrew-friends in the world: We breed and maintain several strains (300 shrews) of Suncus murinus originated from the wild populations of Japan, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh (also some mutant strains), and we also maintain 1 strain of Crocidura dzinezumi. We can easily observe their caravaning behavior in the laboratory. I believe Suncus (laboratory name) is a good animal if we watch the caravaning behavior. I have a 16 mm film (30 minutes) and video film about the introduction (also caravaning behavior) and the story of Suncus murinus' s migration to Japan.
ODA Sen-ichi, PhD Laboratory of Animal Management, School of Agricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
2) E. Gould is looking for David Stone
Date: Sun, 21 Dec 1997 10:44:21 -0800
From: EDWIN GOULD <edgould@erols.com>
Subject: david stone
I am searching for an address for R. David Stone co-author of the Natural History of Moles and published on the desman. Can you help me.
“The Shrew Bibliography” is a collection of more than 6000 references to research on the biology of the Soricidae (Insectivora, Mammalia) and small mammal ecology. More info: http://members.vienna.at/shrew/shrewbib.html
To announce your new research papers/books, please follow the instructions (separate fields with the character "#"): Author(s)#Year#Title#Journal&Page No.#Abstract#Keywords#Address *I* would appreciate receiving a reprint of your paper and/or a list of your publications to add to the bibliography. -----------------------------------------------------------------------
1) G. Reiter & N. Winding (1997): Distribution and ecology of alpine small mammals...
Wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen aus dem Nationalpark Hohe Tauern Bd. 3 (1997): 97-135. Verbreitung und Ökologie alpiner Kleinsäuger (Insectivora, Rodentia) an der Südseite der Hohen Tauern, Österreich
Distribution and ecology of alpine small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) on the southern slopes of the Hohe Tauern massif, Austria
The small mainmal fauna of the southern slopes of the Hohe Tauern massif in the Großglockner area (Austrian Central Alps) was investigated in the summer of 1995. 46 study plots were situated between the tree line at about 1980 meters and the upper limit of the closed vegetation cover at about 2700 meters above sea level. The objective of this study was to investigate the species asseinblage and the altitudinal distribution, habitat preferences, phenology, reproduction and Population structure of the different species. A total of' 350 individuals were captured comprising the following 9 species: snow vole Microt s iiivalis), common vole (Mi(-rotus (irvali.@), common pine vole Microtus s bterraneus), field vole (Microt s agre,.@tis), bank vole (Clethrionom ' v.Y glareolti.@), coinmon shrew (Sorex araneus), pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus), alpine shrew (Sorcx alpin s) and yellow-necked inouse (Apode us,flavi(-ollis). For nearly all species the highest altitudinal records for Carinthia could be fc)und and for some species gaps in the knowledge of their distribution in the Austrian Central Alps could be closed. In addition, the habitat preferences of most species (macroand inicrohabitat: substrate cover, surface roughness, availability of holes, soil hardness, vertical vegetation structure) are described in detail as well as Population dynamics of the snow vole and the common vole during the vegetation period.
2) New papers by R. Hutterer et al. (1996-1997)
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 16:12:22 +0100
From: "Dr. Rainer Hutterer" <R.Hutterer.ZFMK@Uni-Bonn.De>
Subject: Shrew Talk: NEW PAPERS
Ray, J.C. and R. Hutterer.#1996.#Structure of a shrew community in the Central African Republic based on the analysis of carnivore scats, with the description of a new Sylvisorex (Mammalia: Soricidae).#Ecotropica 1: 85-97.# Small carnivore scats collected over a two-year period in the southwestern Central African Republic revealed an unusually high occurrence of shrews (23.3%). Analysis of skull fragments yielded 311 individuals of 16 species. Shrew occurrence varied significantly with season (highest in the dry season), but not with proximity to water. The unusually high diversity of the shrew community in comparison to others in west-central Africa is attributed to a thorough and efficient sampling effort, and to a wide variety of available microhabitats maintained through disturbance factors such as a high density of elephants and selective logging activities. In addition to the scat remains, four shrew species were collected live; one is new to science and is described here as Sylvisorex konganensis. The species belongs to a group in which a basal portion of the tail is covered by long bristles. It is most similar to a yet unnamed species of Sylvisorex from Cameroon, with which it apparently occurs in sympatry. Both share critical characters with S. howelli and S. usambarensis, species endemic to the Uluguru and Usambara Mts. respectively.#
Hutterer, R. and D.A. Schlitter.#1996.#Shrew of Korup National Park, Cameroon, with the description of a new Sylvisorex (Mammalia: Soricidae).# Pp. 57-66, in Genoways, H.H. and R.J. Baker, eds., Contributions in Mammalogy: A Memorial Volume Honoring Dr. J. Knox Jones, Jr. Museum of Texas tech University, il+315 pp.# During a recent survey of the small mammals of the tropical lowland forest of Korup National Park, southwestern Cameroon, three genera and nine species of shrews were collected. Crocidura crenata, C. cf. grandiceps, and C. lamottei are recorded for the first time from Cameroon, and a new species of the genus Sylvisorex is described. This new species is of particular interest because it combines characters of some other species hitherto regarded as members of different species groups, and thus unifies the known morphological diversity within Sylvisorex. The zoogeographical implications of the new records are discussed; they provide evidence that Korup National Park belongs to the westernmost part of the Zaire Basin.#
Lasso, C., R. Hutterer, and A. Rial.#1996.#Records of shrews (Soricidae) from Equatorial Guinea, especially from Monte Alen National Park.#Mammalia 60: 69-76.# Eight species of shrews of the genera Crocidura (5 sp.), Paracrocidura (1 sp.) and Sylvisorex (2 sp.) are recorded from Equatorial Guinea, four of which are new for the country. Crocidura grassei has been found for the first time since its description in 1965. Crocidura goliath occurs in the same general region as C. olivieri with which it often has been merged and thus is regarded as a separate species. Results of a trapping study using pitfalls in the Monte Alen National Park show that shrew abundance is related to seasonal rainfall. Sylvisorex johnstoni is the dominant species (60% of all captures) in the primary forest of Monte Alen while most other species are uncommon or rare.
Stanley, W.T., S.M. Goodman, and R. Hutterer.#1996.#Notes on the insectivores and elephant shrews of the Chome Forest, South Pare Mountains, Tanzania (Mammalia: Insectivora et Macroscelidea).#Zool. Abhandl. Staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 49: 131-148.# Surveys of insectivores and elephant shrews were conducted at 1100 and 2000 m in the Chome Forest, South Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Four species of Crocidura (C. hildegardeae, C. hirta, C. olivieri, and C. usambarae) and two elephant shrews (Petrodromus tetradactylus and Rhynchocyon petersi) were collected. With the exception of C. usambarae, which may be an endemic species to the Eastern Arc Mountains, all documented species have relatively broad distributions, at least in eastern Africa. In the Chome Forest, Crocidura species richness and density is apparently higher at 1100 m than at 2000 m. Crocidura hildegardeae are sexually dimorphic, with the males being larger in body and skull measurements. Ecological and natural history notes are presented for all psecies collected.#
Decher,J., D.A. Schlitter, and R. Hutterer.#1997.#Noteworthy records of small mammals from Ghana with special emphasis on the Accra Plains.#Annals of Carnegie Museums 66: 209-227.# In this paper we describe new or additional records of four species of shrews (Soricidae), nine species of bats (Hipposideridae, Vespertilionidae, Molossidae), and one species of rodent (Muridae) from Ghana. These records add to our knowledge of the distribution of small mammals in Ghana especially those occurring on the Accra Plains. A zoogeographic explanation for these distributional data is sought in the context of the Dahomey Gap phenomenon.#
Reprints available from Rainer Hutterer (r.hutterer.zfmk@uni-bonn.de)
Dr. Rainer Hutterer Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig Section of Mammals Adenauerallee 160 D-53113 Bonn
Tel: (228) 9122 261 Fax: (228) 216979
3) Genoways, H.H., J.R. Choate (1997) Natural history of Blarina carolinensis.
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 1997 12:21:19 -0600
From: bijc@fhsu.edu
Subject: Re: SHREW TALK: Vol. 1, No. 28 - 18 December 1997
Cc: hgenoway@unlinfo.unl.edu,jkfrey@unm.edu
Your readers might be interested in the following paper, which is scheduled for publication around the first of the year. It can be obtained from the Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.
Genoways, H.H., and J.R. Choate. 1997. Natural history of the southern short-tailed shrew, Blarina carolinensis. Occasional Papers, The Museum of Southwestern Biology, 8:1-43.
J. R. Choate, Director Sternberg Museum of Natural History Fort Hays State University Hays, KS 67601-4099 USA e-mail bijc@fhsu.edu voice 785-628-5664 fax 785-628-4518 http://www.fhsu.edu/biology
4) New ectoparasite papers by M. Stanko et al. (1995-1997)
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 12:22:45 +0100 (MET)
From: Michal Stanko <stankom@ns.saske.sk>
Kosice, December,19th, 1997
I wish you and to all of shrew site members a Merry Christmas and happy New Year 1978.
Supplement: Information about own rest publication (and connected with shrews):
  • Stanko, M., 1995: Present stage of knowledge on fauna of ectoparasites (Siphonaptera, Anoplura, Ixodida, Mesostigmata) of small mammals of the area of Biosphere Reserve East Carpathians. Natura Carpatica, 36: 61-70. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Stanko, M., 1995: Synusia of small ground mammals (Insectivora, Rodenia) of the Bioshpere Reserve East Carpathians. Natura Carpatica, 36: 119-126. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Stanko, M., Fricova, J., 1996: Contribution to the knowledge of small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) and their ectoparasites in surroundings of the Natural memory Plavecske strkoviska gravel. Ochrana Prirody, 14: 143-151. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Stanko, M., 1996: Ectoparasites of small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) in the area of the Ondava downstream (Eastern Slovakian Lowlands). 3. Ticks (Ixodida). Natura carpatica, 37: 151-160. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Stanko, M., Mosansky, L., 1996: Outline of small mammal fauna (Insectivora, Rodentia) and their ectoparasites of the National nature reserve Sivec area (Cierna hora mountains). Natura carpatica, 37: 151-160. (in Slovak with English summary). > Stanko, M., 1997: Fleas (Siphonaptera) of small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) in the south part of the Kosicka kotlina basin. Natura carpatica, 38: 77-84. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Stanko, M., 1997: Ectoparasites of small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) in the area of the Ondava downstream (Eastern Slovakian Lowlands). 4. Mites (Mesostigmata. Natura carpatica, 37: 151-160. (in Slovak with English summary).
  • Sincerely, Michal
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