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"SHREW TALK" - Vol. 1, No. 19 - 17 September 1997

SHREW TALK - 17 September 1997 - Vol. 1, No. 19
Number of Recipients: >231
Contents of this Issue
o Research
1. Re: Shrew venom and Blarina nest predation (again)
2. Details on the photo of S. arizonae by Lee Simons
3. Shrew molars & iron pigmentation: more references
o Miscellaneous
1. Re: C. Dickman's e-mail
o Shrew Bibliography: New Papers
o What's New on the Shrew (ist's) Site
o Shrew Talk Instructions
1) Re: Shrew venom and Blarina nest predation (again)
Date: Mon, 15 Sep 1997 09:30:27 -0700 (PDT)
From: "lise.hanners" <lise.hanners@internetmci.com>
Subject: Shrew Venom
To: Harold Kim <jordan23@ucla.edu>
Cc: shrewbib@sorex.vienna.at
Hi - I saw your question in the Shrew Newsletter - You said that the venom is a neurotoxin - I had posted a question about a month ago asking what the composition of the venom was - do you have any further information about its makeup? I have 5 nestlings frozen that were (we think) bitten by Blarina brevicauda and dragged down into the burrow and I have someone willing to analyze them to prove that it was infact Blarina. He requested that I get more information about the nature of the chemical to give him a place to start since this is not his normal field of study. Any suggestions? Thanks in advance.
Date: Wed, 17 Sep 1997 09:56:51 -0700 (PDT)
From: "lise.hanners" <lise.hanners@internetmci.com>
Subject: Shrew Venom
To: Keith Carson <kcarson@odu.edu>
Cc: shrewbib@sorex.vienna.at
Keith - I read your message in the Shrew Talk newsletter and wanted more information - do you know more about the composition of Blarina brevicauda venom? We suspect that they are significant nest predators of ground nesting birds in Connecticut. We have 5 frozen nestlings retrieved from underground burrows and would like to have their bodies tested to "prove" the presence of the venom. The U of CT may do the testing but they are unfamiliar with the venom and asked me to get more information to give them a clue where to start. Any suggestions? Thanks in advance. _______________________________________________________________________
2) Details on the photo of S. arizonae by Lee Simons
From: "Lee Simons" <lnlsimons@snowcrest.net>
Subject: Re: shrew pic information request
Date: Mon, 15 Sep 1997 09:20:08 -0700
Received your notices about the picture. I am pleased and a little surprised that all of this happened so quickly (from my perspective).
Further information for the Sorex arizonae in the picture is as follows:
Captured 30 July 1992. Arizona, Cochise County, Huachuca Mountains, McClure Spring in McClure Canyon -- a side drainage of Garden Canyon on the Fort Huachuca Military Reservation. Elevation ~1935 meters. Total length = 93.2 mm, 4.3 grams, male. Collected by Bill Van Pelt (Arizona Game & Fish Department). Photographed and prepared as museum skin & partial skeleton by Lee H. Simons (Shasta Natural History Foundation). Specimen permanently housed at the Museum of Southwestern Biology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (specimen number LHS 478, accession # 1995-365).
Once again, congratulations on a great set of web pages I am sure is of interest to many mammalogists and others. Perhaps you could add a "donations accepted" link somewhere in your home page explaining the costs involved in maintaining the web pages and specifying how someone could support the thing monetarily if they desired (that is, voluntarily). I couldn't afford to donate anything at this time, but others might want to do so and every little bit helps, I imagine. Something to think about anyway!
You might even consider having a more explicit/sophisticated "suggestion box" beyond the ususal "contact webmaster with any comments" section present at most web sites, in order to get shrewologists thinking of your site as a community site -- that is, their site. The suggestion box might also include an anonymous option. I sense that this "community of shrewologists" is a goal of yours (and a laudable one at that), and something that all who contribute should be able to feel some pride in.
Cheers, Lee
I will think about that! I wonder how you sensed that the site could need support... I never thought that it looked that poor :-)
Thank you,
3) Shrew molars & iron pigmentation: more references
From: W. Haberl
Re: SHREW TALK: Vol. 1, No. 17 - 14 September 1997
In addition to the reference (Doetsch & Koenigswald) given by Leslie Carraway (Shrew Talk 1/18), which certainly is a major lead, I would like to provide a few more...
(Please note that in the spelling 'ae' and 'oe' stands for the German 'Umlaut A or O' (ä / ö).)
A few references from 'The Shrew Bibliography':
  • 13 Adamczewska-Andrzejewska, K.A. 1966 Variations in the hardness of the teeth of Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758. Acta Theriologica 11 (3): 55-69.
  • 28 Aernbaeck-Christielinde, A. 1912 Der Bau der Soriciden und ihre Beziehungen zu anderen Saeugetieren II: Zur Entwicklungsbiologie der Zaehne. Gegenbaurs morph. Jahrb., Leipzig 44: 261-296.
  • 503 Brandt, E. 1868 Das Gebiss der Spitzmaeuse (Sorex Cuv.). Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes de Moscou, t. XLI, no. 3, Moscow.
  • 971 Dannelid, E. 1994 Comparison of pigment and other dental characters of eastern Palearctic Sorex (Mammalia: Soricidae). Pp. 217-231. In: J.F. Merritt, G.L. Kirkland Jr., R.K. Rose (eds.). Advances in the Biology of Shrews. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication no. 18, x + 458 pp.
  • 1119 Doetsch, C. 1981 Der Kauapparat der Soricidae (Mammalia, Insectivora): Funktionsmorphologische Untersuchungen zur Kaufunktion bei Spitzmaeusen der Gattungen Sorex Linnaeus, Neomys Kaup und Crocidura Wagler. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Bonn, Germany, 122 pp. (Deutsche Bibliothek no. 82.032024.2 SG: 32 Biologie). German
  • 1120 Doetsch, C. 1982 Der Kauapparat der Soricidae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Funktionsmorphologische Untersuchungen zur Kaufunktion bei Spitzmäusen der Gattungen Sorex Linnaeus, Neomys Kaup und Crocidura Wagler. Zool. Jb. Anat. 108: 241-484.
  • 1122 Doetsch, C. 1983 Der Kauapparat der Soricidae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Morphologische Untersuchungen am Kauapparat der Spitzmäuse Suncus murinus (L.), Soriculus nigrescens (Gray) und Soriculus caudatus (Horsfield) (Soricidae). Saeugetierk. Mitt. 31: 27-46.
  • 1123 Doetsch, C. 1985 Masticatory function in shrews (Soricidae). Acta Zool. Fenn. 173: 231-235.
  • 1128 Doetsch, C., W. Von Koenigswald 1978 Zur Rotfaerbung von Soricidenzaehnen. Z. Saeugetierk. 43: 65-70.
  • 2593 Jenyns, L. 1838 On the dentition and other characters of the British shrews, with references to M. DuvernoyÕs recent researches into the structure of this genus of animals. Mag. of Zool. and Bot. 2: 24-42.
  • 2757 Kindahl, M. 1959 Some aspects of the tooth development in Soricidae. Acta Odont. Scand. 17: 203-237.
  • 2929 Kozawa, Y., H. Mishima, T. Sakae 1988 Structure of Sorex (Insectivora) enamel. J. Nihon Univ. Sch. Dent. 30 (2): 120-127.
  • 2930 Kozawa, Y., T. Sakae, H. Mishima, R.H. Barckhaus, E.R. Krefting, P.F. Schmidt, H.J. Hoehling 1988 Electron microscopic and microprobe analyses on the pigmented and unpigmented enamel of Sorex (Insectivora).
  • 3244 Lunt, D.A., H.W. Noble 1975 Nature of pigment in teeth of pigmy shrew, Sorex minutus. J. Dent. Res. 54: 1087.
  • 5104 Soderlund, E., E. Dannelid, D.J. Rowcliffe 1992 On the hardness of pigmented and unpigmented enamel in teeth of shrews of the genera Sorex and Crocidura (Mammalia, Soricidae). Zeitschrift fuer Saeugetierkunde 57(6): 321-329. English; German summ.
  • 5727 Vogel, P. 1984 Verteilung des roten Zahnschmelzes im Gebiss der Soricidae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Rev. Suisse Zool. 91: 699-708.
  • 5936 Woodward, M. 1896 Contributions to the study of mammalian dentition. II. On the teeth of certain Insectivora. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1896): 557-594.
  • ----------------------------------------------------
    Hope this helps, W. Haberl - shrewbib@sorex.vienna.at
    1) Re: C. Dickman's e-mail
    Date: Wed, 17 Sep 1997 10:59:20 +0300 (EET DST)
    From: Jarmo Saarikko <saarikko@metla.fi>
    Subject: Re: SHREW TALK: Vol. 1, No. 18 - 16 September 1997
    Dear Paula, Here's the information from the web (took only 3 minutes to find):
    Dr Chris R. Dickman, Senior Lecturer in Ecology School of Biological Sciences The Zoology Building A08 University of Sydney NSW 2006
    Room: 201 Ph: (02) 9351 3134 Fax: (02) 9351 4119 e-mail: cdickman@bio.usyd.edu.au
    Best regards, Jarmo Saarikko
    Finnish Forest Research Institute METLA Phone: +358-9-85705234 Information Systems Services Fax: +358-9-625308 Unioninkatu 40 A E-mail: Jarmo.Saarikko@metla.fi FIN-00170 HELSINKI, Finland URL: http://www.metla.fi/pp/JSaa/
    ÒThe Shrew BibliographyÓ is a collection of more than 6000 references to research on the biology of the Soricidae (Insectivora, Mammalia) and small mammal ecology. More info: http://members.vienna.at/shrew/shrewbib.html
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